- 1915 – John C. Lilly, American psychoanalyst, physician, and philosopher (d. 2001).
- 1852 – Louis Braille, French educator, invented Braille (b. 1809).
- 2014 – Julian Rotter, American psychologist and academic (b. 1916).
John C. Lilly
John Cunningham Lilly (06 January 1915 to 30 September 2001) was an American physician, neuroscientist, psychoanalyst, psychonaut, philosopher, writer and inventor. He was a member of a generation of counterculture scientists and thinkers that included Ram Dass, Werner Erhard and Timothy Leary, all frequent visitors to the Lilly home. He often stirred controversy, especially among mainstream scientists.
Lilly conducted high-altitude research during World War II and later trained as a psychoanalyst. He gained renown in the 1950s after developing the isolation tank. He saw the tanks, in which users are isolated from almost all external stimuli, as a means to explore the nature of human consciousness. He later combined that…
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